Explainer: What is meningococcemia, its symptoms, and how to prevent it?

Explainer: What is meningococcemia, its symptoms, and how to prevent it?

A woman was confirmed dead due to meningococcemia in Tanauan City, Batangas on September 21.

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KAMI learned that three other people are suspected of meningococcemia.

However, the Department of Health is still waiting for the blood test results for confirmation.

What is meningococcemia?

According to Healthline, meningococcemia is a rare infection. It is caused by Neisseria meningitidis bacteria that could also cause meningitis.

If the bacterial infection remains in the blood and did not affect the brain or spinal cord, it is called meningococcemia.

However, it is also possible to have meningitis and meningococcemia at the same time. The bacteria will appear in the bloodstream and then will affect the brain.

This type of disease usually occurs in children below 4 years old and adolescents.

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What are the symptoms of meningococcemia?

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Rashes
  • Nausea
  • Irritability
  • Anxiety

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How to prevent meningococcemia?

  • Observe healthy hygiene
  • Wash your hands thoroughly
  • Cover your mouth and nose while sneezing or coughing
  • Make sure to have clean environment
  • Have strong immune system

Can meningococcemia be treated?

Yes. However, it must be treated immediately. A person infected with the disease will be kept in an isolated room. Antibiotics will begin to fight the bacteria.

Even if the people close to the infected person do not show symptoms, they could be given prophylactic antibiotics to prevent the disease.

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