Explainer: What is diabetes, its causes and symptoms?

Explainer: What is diabetes, its causes and symptoms?

The University of the East Ramon Magsaysay Memorial Medical Center Inc. (UERMMCI) had a talk about diabetes as they also attend to patients for consultation.

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KAMI learned that according to Dr. Joven Cuanang, UERMMCI board of trustees member, diabetes should now be considered as “epidemic” in the country.

"Diabetes continues to be a major problem. In fact, I would consider it an epidemic now in the Philippines," Cuanang said, noting that about 3 to 4 million Filipinos have diabetes at present.

What is diabetes?

In a report by the Inquirer Lifestyle, diabetes is a group of metabolic disorders marked by high blood sugar level over a long period of time.

Dr. JM Co, chair of the UERM Department of Medicine, was explaining the effects of the disease. He mentioned that diabetes is the no. 1 cause of blindness and kidney failure that results in dialysis and transplants.

Co added that diabetes blocks the blood vessels in the heart, in the brain, and in the legs which could lead to heart attack, stroke, or even leg amputation.

There are three types of diabetes and these are:

Type 1 diabetes (or juvenile diabetes) – This results from the failure of the pancreas to produce enough insulin

Type 2 diabetes (adult diabetes) – This starts with insulin resistance or when cells fail to respond to insulin properly. As the disease progresses, a lack of insulin may also develop

Gestational diabetes – This is when pregnant women without a previous history of diabetes, develop high blood sugar levels.

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What are the common symptoms of diabetes?

  • Frequent urinating
  • Thirstiness
  • Hunger
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Blurry vision
  • Slow-healing of cuts or bruises
  • Weight loss
  • Tingling, pain, or numbness of hands or feet

What could be the factors leading up to diabetes?

Dr. Co explained that diabetes is a “lifestyle disease.” Most of the time, the disease is a result of lack of exercise and too much eating. He also added that stress could be a cause as well.

“If you have diabetes, treat it. Make lifestyle changes. Engage in appropriate physical activity. Get back to your ideal weight if overweight. Avoid smoking. Avoid alcohol,” Co said.

“Get proper medical treatment. Monitor your blood sugar levels,” he added.

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The UERM Diabetes Center offers free public consultation every Thursday from 1 to 4 p.m. at the UERM Medical Center, 64 Aurora Blvd., Quezon City. For more information, you may contact them at 715086.

Disclaimer: For Educational and Informational Purposes Only. Before starting any new diet and exercise program please check with your doctor and clear any exercise and/or diet changes with them before beginning. We are NOT doctors, nutritionists or registered dietitians. We do not claim to help cure any condition or disease.

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Source: Kami.com.ph

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