- The Supreme Court of the Philippines ruled yesterday in favor of the burial of late dictator Marcos at the Libingan ng mga Bayani
- Nine judges voted in favor of the burial, while 5 justices voted against it
- The dissenting justices clearly stand firm on the fact that Marcos is not a hero
In the Supreme Court’s ruling yesterday on the burial of the late dictator Ferdinand Marcos at the Libingan ng mga Bayani, 5 justices voted against the planned burial and favored the petitioners to stop it.
Four of these justices issued their dissenting opinions on the ruling.
Who are these justices and what do they have to say about the historic decision on the high court?
1. Chief Justice Maria Lourdes Sereno
For Chief Justice Sereno, not only did the allowing of the burial violated domestic and international law, it is also the “antithesis of symbolic reparation”. Sereno said that President Rodrigo Duterte acted with grave abuse of discretion because his executive order is clearly against giving justice for human rights victims, both monetarily and non-monetarily. Moreover, the Chief justice said that public funds may not be used to honor Marcos who was named a dictator, plunderer, and a human rights violator by the judiciary and the legislative.
2. Senior Justice Antonio Carpio
“Marcos’ ouster is beyond judicial review and must be accepted as an inconvertible fact, which has become part of history,” said Carpio. The burial at the Heroes’ Cemetery would constitute a violation on Republic Act 10368 or the Human Rights Victims Reparations Act. Lastly, Carpio said that Marcos is the “very antithesis of freedom and democracy”.
3. Justice Marvic Leonen
Citing the Philippine Constitution, Justice Leonen said only the Filipino people “can determine a President’s place in history.” Marcos is not a hero because of the human rights atrocities committed under his regime, and therefore he is not to be considered an exemplary public officer. Aside from noting that the burial of the late dictator violates Republic Act 289, which states that only those “who have led lives worthy of emulation” can be buried at the heroes’ shrine, Leonen pointed out that the National Historical Commission of the Philippines already disputed the claims that Marcos was once a soldier and a war veteran.
4. Justice Alfredo Benjamin Caguioa
In response to arguments that burial of Marcos at LNMB does not make him a hero, Justice Caguioa said, “...disregards the status of LNMB as a national shrine, the public policy in treating national shrines, the standards set forth in these law and executive issuances.”
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Watch the video below and see how Imee Marcos reacted to the ruling on her father’s burial!