Orchid is a popular indoor plant with extravagant flowers. It will decorate any interior and please the eyes with the long-term bloom. Find out how to care for an orchid so that it settles in your apartment.
How to care for an orchid after a shop purchase
There are many varieties of orchid. In flower shops, there are phalaenopsis, oncidium, dendrobium, paphiopedilum. Plants with oblong leaves and a branching arrow lined with flowers are donated for the holidays or bought to supplement the collection.
This is how an unusual flower enters the house. How to care for an orchid? How to create an enabling environment? Adhere to the helpful advice:
- Note that in nature, orchids grow in the southeast of the world, hence they prefer wet shady areas.
- Place the newly arrived flower away from the searing sun. A chest of drawers or a table in a cool room would suit the plant.
- Let the orchid stay away from the other flowers for 2-3 weeks. This way, you will protect it from possible diseases and parasites, as well as facilitate adaptation.
- Do not fertilize or water the plant for two weeks, unless the leaves wither and turn yellowish.
- If you plan to put the orchid on the window sill, place it in a new place after three weeks. The main thing is not to have a constant sun. The windows to the west or the north are more suitable.
- Start watering slowly on the substrate. After 10-15 minutes, pour the remaining water out from the tray.
The first step after the purchase is to see how the flower adjusts to its new location. Arrange for the plant to have access to light (but not aggressive sun) and enjoy gentle and colourful blossoms.
How to transplant an orchid
The best soil for the orchid is the bark of the trees. If you brought a flower from a store in such a filler, you do not need to transplant it.
Substrate replacement will be required in such cases:
- the tray is filled with sphagnum moss;
- the plant is too large; its roots are falling out;
- roots rot.
Don't know how to transplant an orchid yourself? The algorithm is simple:
- Wait for the plant to stop flowering.
- Buy a transparent tray along with the nut-pine or scotch fir bark from a specialist shop.
- Pour over the flower with water, then gently remove it from the old pot.
- If you find moss between roots, remove it. Remove dry, yellow, and rotten rames. Treat the cuts with activated carbon powder.
- Insert the plant into a new pot and cover with substrate. Tramp down the filler to keep the flower firmly in the pot.
Transplant is an extra stress for the plant, but in some cases it is best to replace the bark; otherwise, the plant could die. The orchid will settle in a new soil and eventually take up young roots.
How to water an orchid
How to water an orchid to prevent it from drying out and rotting? The subtleties of water procedures are as follows:
- Water the flower with settled water. Boiled, running, or melter water, as well as rainwater of room temperature, will be appropriate for this.
- Don't overflow the plant with water and leave wet for more than 20 minutes.
- The orchids phalaenopsis and paphiopedilum need constant moistening of the crust. On the other hand, the dendrobium and oncidium require water only after the top layer of the substrate has completely dried up.
- Pour water over the soil. The liquid will be soaked up with the crust and leak into the pallet through special holes. Drain the water from the tray after 15 minutes.
- A plant that has adapted to the home may take a shower. "Rain" will be soaked in the soil and clear the leaves of dust.
- When the water is drained through the holes, put the pot back in a tray and move to its usual place.
- Water the orchid up to three times a week in summer, and no more than two times in winter. During flowering, the plant drinks more and at rest, it drinks less.
- If the leaves turn yellow and the roots rot, there is excess moisture. Fading leaves and shriveled roots indicate drought.
Now you know how to care for an orchid. The process is relatively simple. Don't ignore the flower's basic preferences for minimal sunlight, particular substrate and moderate watering.Green leaves and beautiful flowers are evidence of the right care.